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Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Last Updated: August 2019

Prepared by CCOHS

Listed below is the selected legislation dealing with requirements and use of personal protective equipment (PPE) across federal and provincial jurisdictions. \Legislation interpretation and enforcement varies by jurisdiction. Where additional information is required, the Canadian Governmental Occupational Health & Safety Departments ( should be contacted.

This list is prepared by CCOHS as part of the Canadian enviroOSH Legislation service . This service is a comprehensive and easy to search compilation of the full text of Canadian health, safety and environmental legislation and critical guidelines and codes of practice from all jurisdictions. All the legislation is compiled into one convenient location and is regularly updated with amendments highlighted.

Subscribers to this service and paid learners of the CCOHS e-courses have access to the full text of the legislation listed in this document. To become a subscriber please contact Client Services .

OSH Answers

Personal Protective Equipment


As made under the Canada Labour Code, Part II, R.S.C. 1985, c. L-2,

Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, SOR/86-304

Part XII, Protection Equipment and Other Preventive Measures

Aviation Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, SOR/2011-87

Part 6, Safety Materials, Equipment, Devices and Clothing

As made under the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, S.C. 2001, c. 26

Safe Working Practices Regulations, C.R.C. 1978, c. 1467

Sections 71 - 79, Personal Protective Equipment

As made under the Nuclear Safety and Control Act, S.C. 1997, c. 9

Uranium Mines and Mills Regulations, SOR/2000-206

Licence Applications

Section 3, General Requirements

Obligations of Licensees

Section 12, Malfunction of Ventilation System


As made under, Occupational Health And Safety Act, R.S.A. 2000, c. O-2

Occupational Health and Safety Regulation, Alta. Reg. 62/2003

Section 12, Equipment

Occupational Health and Safety Code, 2009

Part 18, Personal Protective Equipment

British Columbia

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, B.C. Reg. 296/97

Part 4, General Conditions

Building, Structures and Equipment

Section 4.3, Safe machinery and equipment

Work Area Requirements

Section 4.38, Extreme temperatures

Ergonomics (MSI) Requirements

Section 4.50, Risk control

Section 4.51, Education and training

Part 5, Chemical Substances and Biological Agents

Controlling Exposure

Section 5.54, Exposure control plan

Section 5.55, Type of controls

Section 5.101, Procedures for spill cleanup and re-entry

Part 6, Substance Specific Requirements


Section 6.8, Procedures

Section 6.11, Instruction and training

Section 6.24, Friction materials

Section 6.28, Waste disposal

Biological Agents

Section 6.34, Exposure control plan

Cytotoxic Drugs

Section 6.55, Personal protective equipment


Section 6.66, Instruction and training


Section 6.90, Authorization to enter

Section 6.97, Personal protective clothing and equipment

Section 6.99, Preventive measures

Toxic Process Gases

Section 6.127, Personal protective equipment

Section 6.130, Identification of controls

Part 7, Noise, Vibration, Radiation and Temperature

Division 1, Noise Exposure

Section 7.5, Noise control and hearing conservation program

Section 7.7, Hearing protection and warning signs

Division 3, Radiation Exposure

Section 7.23, Standards for use of equipment

Division 1, Thermal Exposure

Section 7.30, Heat stress controls

Section 7.35, Cold stress controls

Section 7.37, Clothing and personal protective equipment

Part 8, Personal Protective Clothing and Equipment


Workplace Safety and Health Act, R.S.M. 1987, c. W210

Duties of Employers

Section 4, General duties of employers

Duties of Workers

Section 5, General duties of workers

Duties of Suppliers

Section 7.3, Duties of suppliers

Duty To Provide Required Information

Section 7.5, Definition: "required information"

Workplace Safety and Health Regulation, Man. Reg. 217/2006

Part 6, Personal Protective Equipment

Operation of Mines Regulation, Man. Reg. 212/2011

Section 4.4, Information re personal protective equipment

Section 4.5, Personal protective headwear and footwear

Section 4.6, Clothing

Section 4.7, Fall protection

Section 4.8, Damaging or altering safety equipment prohibited

See also:

Guidelines For Working With Asbestos, March 2008

Guidelines for Hearing Conservation and Noise Control, February 2007

Worker Responsibilities

New Brunswick

Occupational Health and Safety Act, A.N.B. 1983, c. O-0.2

Section 9, Duties of employer

Section 11, Duties of owner

Section 12, Duties of employees

Section 13, Duties of supplier

General Regulation - Occupational Health and Safety Act, N.B. Reg. 91-191

Part VI, Non-ionizing radiation

Section 35, Infra-red Radiation

Section 36, Ultraviolet Radiation

Part VII, Protective Equipment

Part VII.1, Equipment for Firefighters

Section 51.1

Section 51.2, Protective Headwear

Section 51.3, Protective Footwear

Section 51.4, Protective Handwear

Section 51.5, Protective Coat and Trousers

Section 51.6, Respiratory Protective Equipment

Sections 51.7 - 51.9, Body Harnesses and Safety Ropes

Section 51.93, Industrial Firefighters

Section 51.94, Transitional provision for protective equipment

Sections 51.95 - 51.96, Additional Requirements

Underground Mine Regulation - Occupational Health and Safety Act, N.B. Reg. 96-105

Part III, General Requirements

Section 13, Employee training

See Also:

Code of Practice for Working with Materials Containing Asbestos in New Brunswick

Part 4, Asbestos Management Program

Section 4.3

Part 6, Class 2 Operations And Procedures

Section 6.2, Class 2 - Procedures

Part 7, Class 3 Operations and Procedures

Section 7.2, Class 3 - Procedures

Newfoundland and Labrador

Occupational Health and Safety Act, R.S.N.L. 1990, c. O-3

Section 4, Employers' general duty

Section 5, Specific duties of employers

Section 6, Workers' general duty

Section 7, Specific duties of workers

Asbestos Abatement Regulations, 1998, N.L.R. 111/98

Section 17, Personal protective equipment

Section 20, Cleanup

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 2012, N.L.R. 5/12

Part III, General Duties

Section 14, General duties of employers

Section 17, General duties of employers

Part VII, Personal Protective Equipment

See also:

Silica Code of Practice, August 2006

Section 3.0, Program Elements

Northwest Territories

As amended by Safety Act, R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. S-1

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, R-039-2015

Part 3, General Duties

Section 13, General duties of workers

Section 16, Supervision of work

Section 23, Identifying mark of approved equipment

Section 26, Prohibited use of compressed air

Part 6, General Health Requirements

Section 74 Thermal conditions

Section 85, Musculoskeletal injuries

Section 88, Exposure control plan

Part 7, Personal Protective Equipment

Part 18, Confined Space Entry

Section 277, Requirements before hazardous confined space entered

Section 279, Entry plan

Part 21, Chemical and Biological Substances

Section 309, Interpretation

Section 313, Substances listed in Schedule R

Section 317, Accumulations, spills and leaks

Part 24, Asbestos

Section 372, Asbestos processes

Section 374, Personal protective equipment

Part 25, Silica and Abrasive Blasting

Section 387, Personal protective equipment

Part 31, Additional Protection For Health Care Workers

Section 466, Cytotoxic drugs

Section 467, Waste

Part 32, Additional Protection For Firefighters

Section 481, Securing of equipment in vehicles

Section 485, Personal protective equipment

Mine Health and Safety Act, S.N.W.T, 1994, c. 25

Duties and Responsibilities

Section 2, Duties of owner

Section 10, Duties of manager

Section 16, Duties of supervisors

Mine Health and Safety Regulations, R-125-95

Part I, General Design and Operating Procedures


Section 1.66

Sections 1.75 - 1.76

Surface Mines

Section 1.159, Inspections

Part VIII, Personnel Safety

Division 1, General

Sections 8.04 - 8.08, Personal Protective Equipment

Division 2, Confined Spaces

Section 8.28, Procedures

Section 8.30, Test of Atmosphere in Confined Space

Part IX, Working Environment and Industrial Hygiene

Hazardous Materials and Waste

Section 9.08, Storage of Hazardous Materials

Section 9.10, Spills

Abrasive Blasting

Section 9.16, Protective Equipment

Section 9.18, Workers to be Removed


Sections 9.22 - 9.25, Hearing Protection

Non-inhalation Exposure

Sections 9.27 - 9.28, Injury to Eyes

Section 9.29, Injury by Ingestion

Section 9.30, Training

Section 9.31, Responsibility for Wearing and Maintenance of Protective Equipment

Inhalation Exposures

Sections 9.36 - 9.42, Respirators


Sections 9.52 - 9.56

Thermal Environment

Section 9.61

Part X, Mechanical Equipment


Section 10.119

Section 10.121, Miscellaneous Tools and Equipment

Part XV, Exploration

Section 15.05

Section 15.11

Part XVIII, Duties of Employees

Sections 18.01 -18.02

As made under the Public Health Act, R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. P-12

Public Sewerage Systems Regulations, R.R.N.W.T. 1990, P-22

Part IV, Sewage Treatment

Section 10, Safety

See also:

Guideline for the Management of Waste Asbestos

Guideline for Industrial Waste Discharges in the NWT

Guideline for the General Management of Hazardous Waste in the NWT

Nova Scotia

Occupational Health and Safety Act, S.N.S. 1996, c. 7

Sections 13 - 20, Duties And Precautions

Joint Occupational Health and Safety Committees

Section 31

Health and Safety Representatives

Section 33

Occupational Safety General Regulations, N.S. Reg. 44/99

Part 3, Personal Protective Equipment

Part 5, Handling and Storage of Material

Section 43

Part 12, Confined Space Entry

Sections 123 - 125

Sections 130-131

Sections 134 - 135

Part 16, Equipment for Firefighters

Section 191, Protective headwear

Section 192, Protective footwear

Section 193, Protective handwear

Section 194, Protective coat and trousers

Sections 195 - 196, Respiratory protective equipment

Sections 197 - 199, Body harnesses and safety ropes

Section 203, Industrial firefighters


As made under the Safety Act, R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. S-1

General Safety Regulations, R.R.N.W.T. 1990, c. S-1

Part II, Personal Protective Equipment

Sections 38 - 40 General

Sections 41 -42, Footwear

Sections 43 - 45, Headgear

Sections 46 -47, Hand Protection

Sections 48 - 50, Eye Protection

Section 51, Flotation

Sections 52 - 54, Ventilation

Sections 55 -56, Respiratory Protection

Sections 57 -59, Safety-belts, Body Harnesses, Lanyards and Lifelines


Occupational Health and Safety Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. O.1

Part III, Duties of Employers and Other Persons

Section 25, Duties of employers

Section 27, Duties of a supervisor

Section 28, Duties of workers

Section 31, Duty of suppliers

Designated Substances, O. Reg. 490/09

Code for Respiratory Equipment for Acrylonitrile

Code for Respiratory Equipment for Arsenic, March 22, 1986

Code for Respiratory Equipment for Asbestos, June 30, 2000

Code for Respiratory Equipment for Benzene, June 30, 2000

Code for Respiratory Equipment for Coke Oven Emissions

Code for Respiratory Equipment for Ethylene Oxide

Code for Respiratory Equipment for Isocyanates

Code for Respiratory Equipment for Lead, June, 2000

Code for Respiratory Equipment for Mercury, June 30, 2000

Code for Respiratory Equipment for Silica, June 30, 2000

Code for Respiratory Equipment for Vinyl Chloride, June 30, 2000

Confined Spaces, O. Reg. 632/05

Section 13, Personal protective equipment, clothing and devices

Control of Exposure to Biological or Chemical Agents, R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 833

Sections 3 - 7

Diving Operations, O. Reg. 629/94

Part III, Equipment

Section 15, Diving equipment--General

Section 16, Personal diving equipment

Designated Substance - Asbestos on Construction Projects and in Buildings and Repair Operations, O. Reg. 278/05

Section 13, Respirators

Section 14, Measures and procedures, Type 1 operations

Section 19, Instruction and training

Firefighters - Protective Equipment, O. Reg. 714/94

Health Care and Residential Facilities, O. Reg. 67/93

Personal Protective Equipment

Section 10

Industrial Establishments, R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 851

Protective Equipment

Sections 79 - 86

Mines and Mining Plants, R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 854

Section 12

Section 95

Oil and Gas - Offshore, R.R.O. 1990, Reg 855

Part III, General Requirements

Sections 21 - 28

As amended by the Lakes and Rivers Improvement Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. L.3

Construction Projects, O. Reg. 213/91

Part II, General Construction

Section 21, Protective Clothing, Equipment and Devices

See also:

Guide to the Occupational Health and Safety Act

Guide to the Regulation Respecting Asbestos on Construction Projects and in Buildings and Repair Operations

Guidelines for Latex Glove Users, September 1994

Guidelines for Pre-Start Health and Safety Reviews: How to Apply Section 7 of the Regulation for Industrial Establishments, April 2001

Handling, Transportation and Disposal of Asbestos Waste in Bulk, Guideline C-6

Heat Stress (Health and Safety Guidelines)

Information for New Workers and Students Working in Ontario

Lead on Construction Projects Guideline

Mobile Compacting Equipment Safety Guideline

Safety Guidelines for the Film and Television Industry in Ontario

Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS): A Guide to the Legislation

Prince Edward Island

As made under the Pesticides Control Act, R.S.P.E.I. 1988, Cap. P- 4

Pesticides Control Act Regulations, EC2005-761

Pesticide Training Events

Section 2, Categories of pesticide training events

Occupational Health and Safety Act, S.P.E.I. 2004, c. 42

Duties Of Employers, Workers And Other Persons

Section 12, Duties of employers

Section 15, Duties of supplier

Section 16, Duties of worker

Section 18, Duties of owner

Occupational Health and Safety Act General Regulations, EC180/87

Part 8, Noise

Section 8.7 Reduction of noise exposure, signs

Section 8.8 Program requirement

Part 45, Personal protective equipment

As made under the Off-Highway Vehicle Act, R.S.P.E.I. 1988, Cap. O-3

General Regulations, EC96/88

Section 6, Helmet requirements


Act Respecting Occupational Health and Safety, R.S.Q., c. S-2.1

Part III, Rights and Obligations

Division II, The employer

Section 51

Sections 58 - 59

Part IV, Health and Safety Committees

Section 78

Regulation respecting occupational health and safety, R.R.Q., c. S-2.1, r.19.01 O.C. 885-2001

Division VI, Individual Protective Respiratory Equipment

Division IX, Special Provisions Concerning Various Dangerous Substances

Section 63, Protective suit

Section 66, Protective clothing

Section 69, Other protective equipment

Division XV, Noise

Section 136, Corrective measures and individual protective equipment

Division XXI, Machines

Section 183, Equivalent safety precautions

Division XXX, Means and Equipment for Individual and Group Protection

Regulation respecting health and safety in forest development work, CQLR c. S-2.1, r. 12.1, O.C. 499-2013

Division VI - Individual Protective Equipment and Temporary Shelter

Regulation respecting industrial and commercial establishments, R.R.Q. S-2.1, r.9

Division II, General Provisions

Section 2.2, Duties of the head of establishment

Regulation respecting safety and health in foundry works, c. S-2.1, r.20

Division XV, Particular personal protective equipment

Safety Code for the Construction Industry, R.R.Q. 1981, c. S-2.1, r. 6

Division II, General Provisions

§2.10. Personal protective equipment

Section 2.10.2

Section 2.10.3, Protection of head

Section 2.10.5, Protection of eyes and face

Section 2.10.6, Protection of feet

Section, Hearing protectors

Sections 2.10.8 - 2.10.9, Protection of respiratory passages

Section 2.10.10, Protection of hands

Section 2.10.11, Protection of other parts of the body

Section 2.10.12, Safety harness

Section 2.10.13, Life jacket and rescue equipment


As made under the Saskatchewan Employment Act, S.S. 2013, c. S-15.1

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 1996, R.R.S., c. O-1, r. 1

Part III, General Duties

Section 13, General duties of workers

Section 17, Supervision of work

Section 24, Identifying mark of approved equipment

Section 70, Thermal conditions

Part VII, Personal Protective Equipment

Part XXI, Chemical and Biological Substances

Section 302, General duties of employers

Section 306, Substances listed in Table 20

Section 310, Accumulations, spills and leaks

Part XXIII, Asbestos

Section 337, Asbestos processes

Section 340, Personal protective equipment

Part XXIV, Silica Processes and Abrasive Blasting

Section 353, Personal protective equipment

Part XXIX, Oil and Gas

Section 412, Supervisors

Part XXXI, Additional Protection for Health Care Workers

Section 469.1, Additional requirements re supervisors in health care facilities

Section 471, Cytotoxic drugs

Section 472, Waste

Part XXXII, Additional Protection for Fire Fighters

Section 484, Securing of equipment, etc., in vehicles

Section 488, Personal protective equipment


Occupational Health and Safety Act, R.S.Y. 2002, c. 159

Duties in Respect of Health and Safety

Section 3, Employer's duties

Section 7, Supervisor's duties

Section 9, Employee's duties


Section 50, Report respecting new hazardous substance

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, O.I.C. 2006/178

Part 1, General


Section 1.04, Eliminate or control hazards

Protective Equipment and Clothing - General

Section 1.08, Workers' responsibility to provide and wear

Section 1.09, Responsibility for PPE

Section 1.10, Availability of PPE

Section 1.11, Inspection and care

Section 1.12, Conditions

Protective Equipment and Clothing - Footwear

Section 1.13 Condition

Protective Equipment and Clothing - Skin, Leg and Body

Section 1.14, Provision

Section 1.15, Fire resistant clothing

Section 1.16, Leg protection

Protective Equipment and Clothing - Headwear

Section 1.17, Requirement to wear

Section 1.18, Provision and use

Section 1.19, Bump caps

Section 1.20, Off road vehicles

Section 1.21, Other head protection

Protective Equipment and Clothing - Eye and Face

Section 1.22, Provision and requirements for use

Section 1.23, Standards

Section 1.24, Limited vision

Protective Equipment and Clothing - Hearing

Section 1.25, Provision

Protective Equipment and Clothing - Respiratory

Section 1.26, Air quality evaluation

Section 1.27, Requirement for use

Section 1.28, Worker IDLH or oxygen deficient atmosphere

Section 1.29, Emergency escape air bottle

Section 1.30, Annual testing of air quality

Section 1.31, Eyewear

Section 1.32, Clean shaven face

Section 1.33, Fit checks

Protective Equipment and Clothing - Buoyancy Equipment

Section 1.34, Provision and use

Section 1.35, Buoyancy

Section 1.36, Auto-inflatable life jackets

Protective Equipment and Clothing - Fall Arrest

Section 1.37, Provision and use

Section 1.38, Fall protection program

Section 1.39, Components

Section 1.40, Vertical lifelines

Section 1.41, Horizontal lifeline usage

Section 1.42, Horizontal lifeline design

Section 1.43, Lifelines and lanyards

High Visibility Apparel

Section 1.48, Level 1 required

Occupational Health Regulations, O.I.C. 1986/164

Section 5

Section 9, Thermal Environment

Section 12, Heat Stress

Section 16

Section 17, Poisonous Substances

Section 20

Section 27, Air Contaminants

Section 36, Restricted Area

Section 37, Direction to Workers

Section 38, Protection for Workers

Section 39, Personal Decontamination

Section 41


CAN/CSA Z94.1-1966, Industrial Protective Headwear

CAN/CSA Z94.1-M1977, Industrial Protective Headwear

CAN/CSA Z94.1-92, Industrial Protective Headwear

CAN/CSA Z94.1-05, Industrial protective headwear - Performance, selection, care, and use

CAN/CSA Z94.2-1965, Hearing Protectors

CAN/CSA Z94.2-1974, Hearing Protectors

CAN/CSA Z94.2-M1984, Hearing Protectors

CAN/CSA Z94.2-94, Hearing Protectors

CAN/CSA Z94.2-02, Hearing Protection Devices - Performance, Selection, Care, and Use

CAN/CSA Z94.3-M1982, Industrial Eye and Face Protectors

CAN/CSA Z94.3-M88, Industrial Eye and Face Protectors

CAN/CSA Z94.3-92, Industrial Eye and Face Protectors

CAN/CSA Z94.3-99, Industrial Eye and Face Protectors

CAN/CSA Z94.3-02, Eye and Face Protectors

CAN/CSA Z94.3-07, Eye and Face Protectors

CAN/CSA Z94.3.1-02, Protective Eyewear: A User's Guide

CAN/CSA Z94.3.1-09, Selection, use, and care of protective eyewear

CAN/CSA Z94.4-M1982, Selection, Care, and Use of Respirators

CAN/CSA Z94.4-93, Selection, Use and Care of Respirators

CAN/CSA Z94.4-02, Selection, Use, and Care of Respirators

CAN/CSA Z94.4-11, Selection, Use, and Care of Respirators

CAN/CSA Z94.5-95, Nonprescription Sunglasses

CAN/CSA, Z96-02, High-Visibility Safety Apparel

CAN/CSA, Z96-09, High-Visibility Safety Apparel

CAN/CSA Z96.1-08 Guideline on selection, use, and care of high-visibility safety apparel

CAN/CSA Z107.56-13, Measurement of noise exposure

CAN/CSA Z107.56-06, Procedures for the Measurement of Occupational Noise Exposure

CAN/CSA Z107.56-94, Procedures for the Measurement of Occupational Noise Exposure

CAN/CSA Z107.56-M86, Procedures for the Measurement of Occupational Noise Exposure

CAN/CSA Z180.1-13 Compressed breathing air and systems

CAN/CSA Z180.1-00 Compressed Breathing Air and Systems

CAN/CSA Z195-M1984, Protective Footwear

CAN/CSA Z195-M92, Protective Footwear

CAN/CSA Z195-02, Protective Footwear

CAN/CSA Z195-09, Protective Footwear

CAN/CSA Z195.1-02, Guideline on Selection, Care, and Use of Protective Footwear

CAN/CSA Z259.1-1976, Fall Arresting Safety Belts and Lanyards for the Construction and Mining Industries

CAN/CSA Z259.1-95, Safety Belts and Lanyards

CAN/CSA Z259.1-05, Body Belts and Saddles for Work Positioning and Travel Restraint

CAN/CSA Z259.2-M1979, Fall-Arresting Devices, Personnel Lowering Devices, and Life Lines

CAN/CSA Z259.2.1-98, Fall Arresters, Vertical Lifelines, and Rails

CAN/CSA Z259.2.2-98, Self-Retracting Devices for Personal Fall-Arrest Systems

CAN/CSA Z259.2.3-99, Descent Control Devices

CAN/CSA Z259.2.3-12, Descent devices

CSA standard Z259.3-M1978, Lineman's Body Belt and Lineman's Safety Strap

CAN/CSA Z259.10-M90, Full Body Harnesses

CAN/CSA Z259.10-12, Full Body Harnesses

CAN/CSA Z259.11-M92, Shock Absorbers for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

CAN/CSA Z259.11-05, Energy absorbers and lanyards

CAN/CSA Z1000-06, Occupational health and safety management