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Occupational Health and Safety Responsibilities of Directors, Owners, Employers, Managers and Supervisors

Last Updated: May 2012

Prepared by CCOHS

This reference document lists sections in Canadian federal, provincial and territorial legislation dealing with general occupational health and safety responsibilities of employers, owners and management. This document is a guide to the general duties and requirements of those in positions of authority across Canadian jurisdictions. For specific health and safety requirements, please see our complete list of reference documents by topic.

For a more in-depth and comprehensive understanding of the legislative requirements please review the CCOHS Canadian enviroOSH Legislation plus Standards service. Where additional information is required, the Canadian Governmental Occupational Health & Safety Departments (http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/information/govt.html) should be contacted.

This list is prepared by CCOHS as part of the Canadian enviroOSH Legislation service. This service is a comprehensive and easy to search compilation of the full text of Canadian health, safety and environmental legislation and critical guidelines and codes of practice from all jurisdictions. All the legislation is compiled into one convenient location and is regularly updated with amendments highlighted.

Subscribers to this service and paid learners of the CCOHS e-courses have access to the full text of the legislation listed in this document. To become a subscriber please contact Client Services.

OSH Answers

Basic OH&S Program Elements

OH&S Legislation in Canada - Basic Responsibilities

Canada

Canada Labour Code, Part II, R.S.C. 1985, c. L-2

Duties of Employers

Section 124, General duty of employer

Section 125, Specific duties of employer

Section 125.1, Further specific duties of employer

Policy Health and Safety Committees

Section 134.1, Establishment mandatory

Workplace Health and Safety Committees

Section 135, Establishment mandatory

Health and Safety Representatives

Section 136, Appointment of health and safety representative

General Matters

Section 142, Duty to assist officer

Safety and Health Committees and Representatives Regulations, SOR/86-305

Alberta

Occupational Health and Safety Act, R.S.A. 2000, c. O-2

Section 2, Obligations of employers, workers, etc.

Section 4, Multiple obligations

Section 31, Joint work site health and safety committees

Section 32, Written health and safety policies

Section 33, Code of practice

Occupational Health and Safety Regulation, Alta. Reg. 62/2003

Part 1, General

Section 12, Equipment

Section 13, General protection of workers

Section 15, Safety training

Occupational Health and Safety Code, 2009

Part 3, Specifications And Certifications

Section 12, Following specifications

Part 13, Joint Work Site Health And Safety Committee

Section 197, Members

Section 200, Appointment of employer members

British Columbia

Workers Compensation Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 492

Part 3, Occupational Health and Safety

Division 3, General Duties of Employers, Workers and Others

Section 115, General duties of employers

Section 117, General duties of supervisors

Section 119, General duties of owner

Section 121, Duties of directors and officers of a corporation

Section 122, General obligations are not limited by specific obligations

Section 123, Persons may be subject to obligations in relation to more than one role

Section 124, Responsibility when obligations apply to more than one person

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, B.C. Reg. 296/97

Part 3, Rights and Responsibilities

Workplace Inspections

Section 3.5, General requirement

Section 3.20, Multiple employer workplaces

Young or New Workers

Section 3.23, Young or new worker orientation and training

Section 3.24, Additional orientation and training

Manitoba

Workplace Safety and Health Act, R.S.M. 1987, c. W210

Duties of Employers

Section 4, General duties of employers

Duties of Supervisors

Section 4.1, Duties of supervisors

Duties of Owners

Section 7.2, Duties of owners

Duty to Provide Required Information

Section 7.5, Definition: required information

Persons with Multiple Functions

Section 7.6, Definition: function

Section 7.7, Responsibility if duties apply to more than one person

Safety And Health Officers

Section 22, Appointment of safety and health officers

Section 23, Duties of safety and health officers

Workplace Safety And Health Committees And Representatives

Section 40, Workplace safety and health committee

Section 41, Workplace safety and health representative

Section 41.1, Definition: employer

Workplace Safety and Health Regulation, Man. Reg. 217/2006

Part 1, Definitions and General Matters

Section 1.7, Employer's obligations defined

Part 2, General Duties

General Safety Duties

Section 2.1, Safe work procedures

Section 2.2, Consultations required

Section 2.3, Duty of employer to provide information

New Brunswick

Occupational Health and Safety Act, A.N.B. 1983, c. O_0.2

Duties of employers, owners, contractors, sub_contractors, employees and suppliers

Section 9, Duties of employer

Section 10, Duties of contractor and subcontractor

Section 10.1, Duties of contracting employer

Section 11, Duties of owner

Joint Health And Safety Committees

Section 14, Joint Health and Safety Committees

Section 14.2, Joint health and safety committees for project site - general

Section 14.3, Joint health and safety committees - medium-sized project site

Section 14.4, Joint health and safety committees - large project site

Health And Safety Representatives

Section 17, Health and safety representatives

Newfoundland and Labrador

Occupational Health And Safety Act, R.S.N.L. 1990, c. O-3

Section 4, Employers' general duty

Section 5, Specific duties of employers

Section 37, Committees

Section 38, Membership of committees

Section 41, Worker representative

Section 42.1, Workplace designate

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 2012, N.L.R. 5/12

Section 14, General duties of employers

Section 19, Co-ordination of work

Section 20, Two or more employers

Section 21, Appointment of qualified co-ordinator

Section 24, Instruction to workers

Nova Scotia

Occupational Health and Safety Act, S.N.S. 1996, c. 7

Sections 13 and 19, Duties and Precautions

Joint Occupational Health And Safety Committees

Sections 29 - 30

Health And Safety Representatives

Section 33

Occupational Safety General Regulations, N.S. Reg. 44/99

Part 2, General

Section 3, Application

Section 4, Duties of parties

Northwest Territories

Safety Act, R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. S-1

Health and safety

Section 4, Duty of employer

Section 6, Availability of Act and regulations

Section 8, Inquiries

Section 20, Research

Section 21, Safety education programs

General Safety Regulations, R.R.N.W.T. 1990, c. S-1

Part I, Application

Accident Prevention

Sections 3 - 8, Organization

Sections 9 - 10, Instruction to Workers

Sections 11 - 12, Equipment and Work Processes

Section 13, Improper Conduct

Part IV, Office Safety

Section 80, Employer's Responsibilities

Nunavut

Mine Health and Safety Act (Nunavut), S.N.W.T, 1994, c. 25

Section 2, Duties of owner

Section 3, Duties of directors and officers

Section 15, Duties of contractor

Section 16, Duties of supervisors

Section 17, Workers to comply with Act

Mine Health and Safety Regulations, R -125-95

Part VI, Training

Section 6.01, Duty of Manager

Sections 6.02 - 6.11, Training Program

Part V, Supervision

Section 5.07, General Duties of Shift Boss and Supervisor

Part XVIII, Duties of Employees

Sections 18.01 - 18.02

Safety Act, R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. S-1

Health and Safety

Section 4, Duty of employer

Section 6, Availability of Act and regulations

Section 8, Inquiries

Section 20, Research

Section 21, Safety education programs

General Safety Regulations, R.R.N.W.T. 1990, c. S-1

Part I, Application

Accident Prevention

Sections 3 - 8, Organization

Sections 9 - 10, Instruction to Workers

Sections 11 - 12, Equipment and Work Processes

Section 13, Improper Conduct

Part IV, Office Safety

Section 80, Employer's Responsibilities

See also:

Guide to the Occupational Health and Safety Act, June 2002

Ontario

Occupational Health and Safety Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. O.1

Part II, Administration

Section 8, Mandatory selection of health and safety representative

Section 10, Worker trades committee

Part III, Duties of Employers and Other Persons

Section 24, Duties of licensees

Section 25, Duties of employers

Section 29, Duties of owners

Section 30, Duty of project owners

Joint Health and Safety Committees - Exemption from Requirements, O. Reg. 385/96

Training Programs, O. Reg. 780/94

Training Requirements for Certain Skill Sets and Trades, O. Reg. 572/99

See also:

Guide to the Occupational Health and Safety Act, June 2002

Prince Edward Island

Occupational Health and Safety Act, S.P.E.I. 2004, c. 42

Duties of Employers, Workers and Other Persons

Section 12, Duties of employers

Section 18, Duties of owner

Section 19, Duties of service provider

Section 20, Duties of architect and engineer

Section 21, Instruction in occupational health and safety principles

Committee

Section 25, Joint occupational health and safety committee

Representative

Section 26, Occupational health and safety representative

Occupational Health and Safety Act General Regulations, EC180/87

Section 1.2, Employer to ensure compliance

Quebec

Act Respecting Occupational Health and Safety, R.S.Q., c. S-2.1

Part III, Rights and Obligations

Division II, The Employer

Section 50 - 62.21

Part IV, Health And Safety Committees

Section 68 - 73

Regulation respecting occupational health and safety, R.R.Q., c. S-2.1, r.19.01, O.C. 885-2001

Division II, General Provisions

Section 4, Employer's obligations

Section 5, Operational status of equipment

Regulation respecting industrial and commercial establishments, R.R.Q. S-2.1, r.9

Division II, General Provisions

§ 2.2, Duties of the head of establishment

Division XIV, Accident Reports, Medical Examinations And Safety Committees

§ 14.3, Safety committees

Saskatchewan

Occupational Health and Safety Act, 1993, R.S.S. 1993, c. O-1.1

Part II, Duties

Sections 3, 7, 10, 11 and 13

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 1996, R.R.S., c. O-1, r. 1

Part III, General Duties

Section 12, General duties of employers

Section 13, General duties of workers

Section 14, Employment of young persons

Section 15, Duty of employer or contractor to provide information

Section 16, Duty of contractor to inform

Section 17, Supervision of work

Yukon

Occupational Health and Safety Act, R.S.Y. 2002, c. 159

Duties in Respect of Health and Safety

Section 3, Employer's duties

Section 5, Joint duties of employers

Section 6, Owner's duties

Section 7, Supervisor's duties

Safety Committees, Representatives, and Officers

Section 12, Workplaces having 20 or more employees

Section 13, Workplaces having less than 20 employees

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, O.I.C. 2006/178

Part 1, General

Section 1.06, Training for workers