Table of Contents

Ladder Safety

Last Update: April 2019

Prepared by CCOHS

The following are the references to the provincial and federal legislation where you will find information about the requirements associated with ladders in the different jurisdictions in Canada. Legislation interpretation and enforcement varies by jurisdiction. Please see the Canadian Governmental Occupational Health & Safety Departments ( for contact information.

This list is prepared by CCOHS as part of the Canadian enviroOSH Legislation service . This service is a comprehensive and easy to search compilation of the full text of Canadian health, safety and environmental legislation and critical guidelines and codes of practice from all jurisdictions. All the legislation is compiled into one convenient location and is regularly updated with amendments highlighted.

Subscribers to this service and paid learners of the CCOHS e-courses have access to the full text of the legislation listed in this document. To become a subscriber please contact Client Services .

OSH Answers Fact Sheets



As made under the Canada Labour Code, Part II, R.S.C. 1985, c. L-2,

Canada Occupational Safety And Health Regulations, SOR/86-304

Part II, Permanent Structures

Sections 2.7 - 2.10, Ladders, Stairways and Ramps

Part III, Temporary Structures and Excavations

Section 3.11 Portable Ladders


As made under Occupational Health and Safety Act, R.S.A. 2000, c. O-2

Occupational Health and Safety Code, 2009

Part 1, Definitions and General Application

Section 3, Adoption of standards

Part 8, Entrances, Walkways, Stairways and Ladders

Ladders - General

Section 124, Restriction on use

Section 125, Prohibition on single rail

Section 126, Prohibition on painting

Section 127, Use near energized electrical equipment

Section 128, Ladders on extending booms

Crawl Board or Roof Ladder

Section 129, Safe use - Fixed Ladders

Section 130, Design criteria

Section 131, Fixed ladders in manholes

Section 132, Rest platform exemption

Portable Ladders

Section 133, Prohibition

Section 134, Constructed portable ladder

Section 135, Manufactured portable ladder

Section 136, Securing and positioning

Section 137, Fall protection

Part 9, Fall Protection

Section 154, Fixed ladders and climbable structures

Occupational Health and Safety Code Explanation Guide 2009

British Columbia

As made under the Workers Compensation Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 492,

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, B.C. Reg. 296/97

Part 13, Ladders, Scaffolds and Temporary Work Platforms

2 - Ladders

Section 13.4 - 13.6


As made under the Workplace Safety and Health Act, R.S.M. 1987, c. W210,

Workplace Safety and Health Regulation, Man. Reg. 217/2006

Part 13, Entrances, Exits, Stairways and Ladders


Section 13.7 Loads

Section 13.8 Worker to inspect ladder

Section 13.9 Metal ladders near electrical equipment

Section 13.10 Coatings on wood ladders


Section 13.11 Commercially manufactured portable ladder

Section 13.12 Site-fabricated portable wood ladder

Section 13.13 Double width site-fabricated portable ladder

Section 13.14 Extension ladders

Section 13.15 General limitation re length

Section 13.16 Portable ladders

Section 13.17 Stepladders

Section 13.18 Workers using portable ladder

Section 13.19 Prohibitions re use of portable ladder


Section 13.20 Fixed ladders

Section 13.21 Fixed ladders re multi-level buildings

See also:

Section 22.21 Ladders attached to extending boom

Section 24.4 Ladder systems

New Brunswick

As amended by the Occupational Health and Safety Act, A.N.B. 1983, c. O-0.2,

General Regulation - Occupational Health And Safety Act, N.B. Reg. 91-191

Part VII.1, Equipment for Firefighters

Section 51.91 Portable Ladders

Part X, Construction, Traffic and Building Safety

Section 121, Fixed Ladders

Part XI, Temporary Structures

Sections 122- 126, Portable Ladders

Newfoundland and Labrador

As made under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, R.S.N.L. 1990, c. O-3,

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 2012, N.L.R. 5/12

Part XI, Scaffolds, Stages and Work Platforms

Section 147, Definition

Section 148, Portable ladder standards

Section 149, Job built ladders

Section 150, Protective coatings

Section 151, Inspection

Section 152 Inclination and support

Section 153, Length

Section 154, Restrictions on use

Section 155, Fixed ladders

Section 156, Special purpose ladders

Section 159, Standards

Northwest Territories

As amended by Safety Act, R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. S-1,

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, R-039-2015

Part 16, Entrances, Exits and Ladders

Section 258, Ladders

Section 259, Portable ladders

Section 260, Use of portable ladders

Section 261, Fixed ladders

Section 262, Construction ladders

Nova Scotia

As made under Occupational Health and Safety Act, S.N.S. 1996, c. 7,

Occupational Safety General Regulations, N.S. Reg. 44/99

Part 13, Premises and Building Safety, Construction and Demolition

Sections 147 - 152, Ladders

Part 16, Equipment for Firefighters

Section 200, Portable ladders

Section 201, Aerial devices


As amended by the Safety Act, R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. S-1,

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, R-003-2016

Partie 16, Entrances, Exits and Ladders

Section 258, Ladders

Section 259, Portable ladders

Section 260, Use of portable ladders

Section 261, Fixed ladders

Section 262, Construction ladders


As made under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. O,

Construction Projects, O. Reg. 213/91

Part II, General Construction

Sections 78 - 84, Ladders

Industrial Establishments, R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 851

Part I, Safety Regulations

Sections 18, 19, 73

Window Cleaning, R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 859

Section 10, Safety Precautions and Requirements

Prince Edward Island

As made under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, S.P.E.I. 2004, c. 42,

Occupational Health and Safety Act Regulations, E.C. 180/87

Part 23, Ladders

See also:

Section 23.7, Fixed ladders


As made under the Act Respecting Occupational Health and Safety, R.S.Q., c. S-2.1,

Regulation respecting occupational health and safety, O.C. 885-2001

Division III, Establishment Conditions

Section 21, Work station access

Section 23, Permanent ladders

Section 24 Exception

Section 25 Compliance with the standard

Section 25.1

Section 26, Installation conditions

Sections 27- 30, Portable extension ladde

Safety Code for the Construction Industry CQLR c. S-2.1, r. 4,

Division III, Construction Sites

§ 3.5. Ladders and step ladders

Sections 3.5.1- 3.5.2

Section 3.5.3, Commercial ladders

Sections 3.5.4 - 3.5.5, Site-fabricated ladders

Sections 3.5.6 -, Ladder utilization

Sections 3.5.7 - 3.5.9, Stepladder


As made under the Saskatchewan Employment Act, S.S. 2013, c. S-15.1,

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 1996, R.R.S., C. O-1.1, R. 1

Partie XVI, Entrances, Exits and Ladders

Section 252, Ladders

Section 253, Portable ladders

Section 254, Use of portable ladders

Section 255, Fixed ladders

Section 256, Construction ladders


As made under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, R.S.Y. 2002, c. 159

Occupational Health and Safety Regulation, O.I.C. 2006/178

Partie 10, Construction and Building Safety

Ladders - General

Section 10.21, General requirements Ladders - Fixed Section 10.22, Standards

Section 10.23, Secured

Section 10.24, Ladder cages

Ladders - Portable

Section 10.25, Standards

Section 10.26, Maximum length

Section 10.27, General

Section 10.28, Portable extension ladders

Section 10.29, Worker's responsibilities

CSA Standards

Compliance with CSA standards is voluntary, unless legislated by the local jurisdiction or mandated by industry or trade associations. Listed below are the CSA standards that have been cited in the legislation above. As well, newer versions of each standard are linked for review and comparison.

C225-M88, Vehicle-Mounted Aerial Devices

See also:

C225-00, Vehicle-Mounted Aerial Devices

C225-10, Vehicle-Mounted Aerial Devices

Z259.2.4-12, Fall arresters and vertical rigid rails

See also:

Z259.2.4-15, Fall arresters and vertical rigid rails

Z259.2.5-12, Fall arresters and vertical lifelines

Z259.2.5-17, Fall arresters and vertical lifelines

Z11-1969, Portable Ladders

See also:

Z11-M81, Portable Ladders

Z11-12, Portable Ladders (R2017)

Z11-18, Portable Ladders