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Provided by CCOHS/produit par le CCHST


Fall-Arresting Systems

Last Updated: August 2019

Prepared by CCOHS

The following are the references to the provincial and federal legislation where you will find information about fall protection for the different jurisdictions in Canada. Legislation interpretation and enforcement varies by jurisdiction. Please see the Canadian Governmental Occupational Health & Safety Departments (http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/information/govt.html) for contact information.

This document links to the main legislative reference section(s) that refer to falls from a height (usually with a specified vertical distance) and the equipment required. Definitions for equipment are often in the first section of the relevant regulation (not listed). Falls into holes, shafts, etc, as well as falling 'through' or 'against' are not necessarily recorded here. This list also does not cover requirements for guardrails (or fall arrest equipment in the absence of a guardrail).

This list is prepared by CCOHS as part of the Canadian enviroOSH Legislation service . This service is a comprehensive and easy to search compilation of the full text of Canadian health, safety and environmental legislation and critical guidelines and codes of practice from all jurisdictions. All the legislation is compiled into one convenient location and is regularly updated with amendments highlighted.

Subscribers to this service and paid learners of the CCOHS e-courses have access to the full text of the legislation listed in this document. To become a subscriber please contact Client Services .

OSH Answers

Fall Protection - Fall Protection Plan (General)

Personal Protective Equipment: Safety Belts, Harnesses, and Lanyards

Platforms

Canada

As made under the Canada Labour Code, Part II, R.S.C. 1985, c. L-2,

Canada Occupational Safety And Health Regulations, SOR/86-304

Part XII, Protection Equipment and Other Preventive Measures

Sections 12.01 - 12.02, Interpretation

Sections 12.03 - 12.05, General

Section 12.06, Fall-protection plan

Sections 12.07 - 12.08, Fall-protection Systems

Section 12.09, Fall protection

See also:

Aviation Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, SOR/2011-87

Part 6, Safety Materials, Equipment, Devices and Clothing

Safety Restraining Devices

Section 6.10

Records

Section 6.14

Instruction and Training

Section 6.15

Defective Protection Equipment

Section 6.16

Maritime Occupational Safety and Health Regulations, SOR/2010-120

Part 10, Protection Equipment

Section 144, Fall-Protection Systems

Oil and Gas Occupational Safety and Health Regulations, SOR/87-612

Part XIII, Safety Materials, Equipment, Devices and Clothing

Section 13.10, Fall-Protection Systems

Alberta

As made under Occupational Health and Safety Act, R.S.A. 2000, c. O-2

Occupational Health and Safety Code, 2009

Part 9, Fall Protection

Sections 138 - 161

See also: Sections 793 - 795

Part 41, Work Requiring Rope Access

British Columbia

As made under the Workers Compensation Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 492,

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, B.C. Reg. 296/97

Part 11, Fall Protection

Manitoba

As made under the Workplace Safety and Health Act, R.S.M. 1987, c. W210,

Workplace Safety and Health Regulation, Man. Reg. 217/2006

Part 14, Fall Protection

Operation of Mines Regulation, Man. Reg. 212/2011

Part 4, General Workplace Requirements

Section 4.7, Fall protection

Part 7, Remote Controlled Equipment

Section 7.9, Worker not to be tethered

Part 12, Open Pits And Quarries

Section 12.6, Fall protection

Part 22, Shaft Examination and Safety Precautions

Part 23, Cages and Skips

Part 24, Hoist Rope Requirements

Part 30, Mine Hoist - Control and Safety Devices

New Brunswick

As amended by the Occupational Health and Safety Act, A.N.B. 1983, c. O-0.2,

General Regulation - Occupational Health And Safety Act, N.B. Reg. 91-191

Part VII, Protective Equipment

Sections 49 - 51, Fall-protection Systems

Also see:

Section 104

Sections 105 - 110, Roofs

Section 111, Openings

Section 121, Fixed Ladders

Section 124

Section 129.1, Forklift Platforms

Section 129.3

Section 130(2), Elevating Work Platforms

Section 140.1, Suspended equipment

Section 141, Fixed suspended work platform

Section 142 - 145.2, Swing staging and boatswain's chair

Sections 231 and 232, Personnel Carrying Equipment

Section 374

Underground Mine Regulation - Occupational Health and Safety Act, N.B. Reg. 96-105

Part III, General Requirements

Section 14, Fall protection

Newfoundland and Labrador

As made under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, R.S.N.L. 1990, c. O-3,

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 2012, N.L.R. 5/12

Part X, Fall Protection

See also:

Part XI, Scaffolds, Stages and Work Platforms

Section 197, Fall protection - suspended work platforms

Section 207, Fall protection - elevating work platform

Section 247, Fall protection - powered platform

Northwest Territories

As amended by Safety Act, R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. S-1,

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, R-039-2015

Part 7, Personal Protective Equipment

Section 104, Personal fall arrest system

Section 105, Full body harness

Section 106, Snap hooks on personal fall arrest system

Section 107, Lanyards

Section 108, Workers’ responsibilities

Section 109, Inspections

Part 9, Safeguards, Storage, Warning Signs And Signals

Section, 118 Interpretation

Section 119, Protection against falling

Section 120, Fall protection plan

Section 121, Control zone

Section 122 Anchor points and anchor plates

Mine Health and Safety Act, S.N.W.T, 1994, c. 25

Mine Health and Safety Regulations, R-125-95

Part VIII, Personnel Safety

Division I, General

Section 8.11, Fall Arrest System

Nova Scotia

As made under Occupational Health and Safety Act, S.N.S. 1996, c. 7,

Workplace Health and Safety Regulations, N.S. Reg. 52/2013

Part 21, Fall Protection

Also See:

Part 22, Work Requiring Rope Access

Nunavut

As amended by the Safety Act, R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. S-1,

General Safety Regulations, R.R.N.W.T. 1990, c. S-1

Part 7, Personal Protective Equipment

Section 104, Personal fall arrest system

Section 105, Full body harness

Section 106, Snap hooks on personal fall arrest system

Section 107, Lanyards

Section 108, Workers' responsibilities

Section 109, Inspections

Part 9, Safeguards, Storage, Warning Signs And Signals

Section 118, Interpretation

Section 119, Protection against falling

Section 120, Fall protection plan

Section 121, Control Zone

Section 122, Anchor points and anchor plates

As amended by the Mine Health and Safety Act (Nunavut), S.N.W.T, 1994, c. 25,

Mine Health and Safety Regulations, R-125-95

Part VIII, Personnel Safety

Division I, General

Section 8.11, Fall Arrest System

Also see:

Section 1.98, Ladders

Section 8.18 and 8.19, Handling of Bulk Material

Ontario

As made under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. O,

Construction Projects, O. Reg. 213/91

Sections 26 - 26.9

Also see: Sections 129 , 141 , 148 , and 247

Diving Operations, O. Reg. 629/94

Part III, Equipment

Section 21, Fall arrest systems

Health Care and Residential Facilities O. Reg. 67/93

Section 13

Industrial Establishments, R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 851

Section 85

Mines and Mining Plants, R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 854

Part I, General

Section 14

Also see: Sections 60 , 84 , 94 , 190

Oil and Gas - Offshore, R.R.O. 1990, Reg 855

Section 27

Window Cleaning, R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 859

Section 10, Safety Precautions and Requirements

Prince Edward Island

As made under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, S.P.E.I. 2004, c. 42,

Occupational Health and Safety Act Regulations, E.C. 180/87

Part 14, Bins and Hoppers

Section 14.1, Safety belts

Section 14.2, Safety harness with life line

Section 14.4, Sentinels

Part 34, Hoisting Apparatus

Section 34.1, Hoisting apparatus, defined

Section 34.2(2), Construction [man basket supported by mobile crane]

See also:

Section 23.7, Fixed ladders

Fall Protection Regulations, EC2004-633

Scaffolding Regulations, EC2006-44

Section 9, Protection from falling objects

Section 14, Suspended scaffolds - commercially manufactured (subsections 14(20) and 14(21))

Section 17, Use of industrial lift truck (subsection 17(3))

Section 19, Power operated elevating work platform (subsections 19(11) and 19(12))

Section 20, Crane or hoist suspended work platforms (subsection 20(8))

Quebec

As made under the Act Respecting Occupational Health and Safety, R.S.Q., c. S-2.1,

Regulation respecting occupational health and safety, O.C. 885-2001

Division XXX, Means and Equipment for Individual and Group Protection

Sections 347 - 349.1

Section 350, Safety belt

Sections 354 - 354.1, Using a safety net

Safety Code for the construction industry R.R.Q. 1981, c. S-2.1, r. 6

Division II, General Provisions

Sections 2.9.1 - 2.9.3, Safety measures

Sections 2.10.12 - 2.10.15, Safety harness

Also see:

Section 3.9.4, Erection and dismantling

Section 3.10.9, Material hoisting apparatus

Regulation respecting occupational health and safety in mines O.C. 213-93

Division II, General

Sections 4 - 7

Also see: Section 401.1

Saskatchewan

As made under the Saskatchewan Employment Act, S.S. 2013, c. S-15.1,

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 1996, R.R.S., C. O-1.1, R. 1

Part VII, Personal Protective Equipment

Section 102, Personal fall arrest systems

Section 103, Full-body harness

Section 104, Snap hooks on personal fall arrest system

Section 105, Lanyards

Section 106, Workers' responsibilities re lifelines, etc.

Section 107, Inspection of full body harness, etc.

Part IX, Safeguards, Storage, Warning Signs and Signals

Section 116, Protection against falling

Section 116.1, Fall protection plan

Section 116.2, Control zone

Section 116.3, Anchor Points and Anchor Plates

Section 120, Protection from objects falling from scaffolds, etc.

Part XII, Scaffolds, Aerial Devices, Elevating Work Platforms and Temporary Supporting Structures

Section 186, Use of suspended powered scaffolds

Section 187, Workers' responsibilities

Section 192, Aerial devices and elevating work platforms

Part XIII, Hoists, Cranes and Lifting Devices

Section 207, Raising and lowering workers

Part XVI, Entrances, Exits and Ladders

Section 255, Fixed ladders

Yukon

As made under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, R.S.Y. 2002, c. 159

Occupational Health and Safety Regulation, O.I.C. 2006/178

Protective Equipment and Clothing - Fall Arrest

Section 1.37, Provision and use

Section 1.38, Fall protection program

Section 1.39, Components

Section 1.40, Vertical lifelines

Section 1.41, Horizontal lifeline usage

Section 1.42, Horizontal lifeline design

Section 1.43, Lifelines and lanyards

CSA Standards

Compliance with CSA standards is voluntary, unless legislated by the local jurisdiction or mandated by industry or trade associations. Listed below are the CSA standards that have been cited in the legislation above. As well, newer versions of each standard are linked for review and comparison.

C225-M88, Vehicle-Mounted Aerial Devices

See also:

C225-00, Vehicle-Mounted Aerial Devices

C225-10, Vehicle-Mounted Aerial Devices

Z91-02 , Health and Safety Code for Suspended Equipment Operations

Z150-1974, Safety Code for Mobile Cranes

See also:

Z150-98, Safety code on mobile cranes

Z150-11, Safety code on mobile cranes

Z259.1-1976, Fall Arresting Safety Belts and Lanyards for the Construction and Mining Industries ;

Z259.1-95, Safety Belts and Lanyards

Z259.1-05, Body Belts and Saddles for Work Positioning and Travel Restraint

Z259.2-M1979, Fall-arresting Devices, Personnel Lowering Devices and Life Lines

Z259.2.1-98, Fall-arresters, Vertical life lines, and Rails

Z259.2.2-98, Self-Retracting Devices for Personal Fall-Arrest Systems

See also:

Z259.2.2-14,Self-retracting devices

Z259.2.3-99, Descent Control Devices

See also:

Z259.2.3-12, Descent devices

Z259.2.4-12, Fall arresters and vertical rigid rails

See also:

Z259.2.4-15, Fall arresters and vertical rigid rails

Z259.2.5-12, Fall arresters and vertical lifelines

Z259.3-M1978, Lineman's Body Belt and Lineman's Safety Strap

Z259.10-M90 Full Body Harnesses

Z259.10-06, Full Body Harnesses

Z259.10-12, Full body harnesses

Z259.11-M92, Shock Absorbers for Personal Fall- Arrest Systems

Z259.11-05 (R2015), Energy Absorbers and Lanyards

Z259.12-01, Connecting Components for Personal Fall-Arrest Systems

See also:

Z259.12-11, Connecting components for personal fall arrest systems (PFAS) (R2016)

Z259.12-16, Connecting components for personal fall arrest systems (PFAS)

Z259.13-04, Flexible Horizontal Life Line Systems

Z259.13-16, Manufactured horizontal lifeline systems

Z259.14-01, Fall Restricting Equipment for Wood Pole Climbing

See also:

Z259.14-12, Fall restrict equipment for wood pole climbing

Z259.15-12, Anchorage connectors

Z259.16-04, Design of active fall-protection systems (R2014)

Z259.16-15, Design of active fall-protection systems

Z259.17-16 , Selection and use of active fall-protection equipment and systems

Z271-98 (R2004) , Safety Code for Suspended Elevating Platforms

See also:

Z271-10, Safety Code for Suspended Platforms

Z797-09, Code of Practice for Access Scaffolds

Z11-M81, Portable Ladders

Z11-12, Portable Ladders