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Ergonomics

Last Updated: July 2019

Prepared by CCOHS

The following provinces are the only ones where you will find the references to "ergonomics" or provisions for the prevention of MSI in Canadian legislation. Where legislation does not exist, the jurisdictions should be contacted for the most current information. Please see the Canadian Governmental Occupational Health & Safety Departments (http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/information/govt.html) for contact information. For a more in-depth and comprehensive understanding of the legislative requirements please review the Canadian enviroOSH Legislation service plus Standards service.

This list is prepared by CCOHS as part of the Canadian enviroOSH Legislation service . This service is a comprehensive and easy to search compilation of the full text of Canadian health, safety and environmental legislation and critical guidelines and codes of practice from all jurisdictions. All the legislation is compiled into one convenient location and is regularly updated with amendments highlighted.

Subscribers to this service and paid learners of the CCOHS e-courses have access to the full text of the legislation listed in this document. To become a subscriber please contact Client Services .

OSH Answers

Ergonomics

Welding Ergonomics

Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs)

Medical History Checklist: Symptoms Survey for Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs)

Canada

Canada Labour Code, Part II, R.S.C. 1985, c. L-2

Duties of Employers

Subsections 125(1)(t) and (u), Specific duties of employer

Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, SOR/86-304

Part XIX, Hazard Prevention Program

Alberta

As made under the Occupational Health And Safety Act, S.A. 2017, c. O‑2.1,

Occupational Health and Safety Code, 2009

Part 14, Lifting and Handling Loads

British Columbia

As made under the Workers Compensation Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 492

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, B.C. Reg. 296/97

Part 4, General Conditions

Ergonomics (MSI) Requirements

Section 4.46, Definition

Section 4.47, Risk identification

Section 4.48, Risk assessment

Section 4.49, Risk factors

Section 4.50, Risk control

Section 4.51, Education and training

Section 4.52, Evaluation

Section 4.53, Consultation

Manitoba

As made under the Workplace Safety and Health Act, R.S.M. 1987, c. W210

Workplace Safety and Health Regulation, Man. Reg. 217/2006

Part 8, Musculoskeletal Injuries

New Brunswick

As made under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, A.N.B. 1983, c. O-0.2

General Regulation - Occupational Health And Safety Act, N.B. Reg. 91-191

Part VIII, Handling and Storage of Materials

Section 52, General Handling of Objects and Material

Newfoundland and Labrador

As made under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, R.S.N.L. 1990, c. O-3,

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 2012, N.L.R. 5/12

Part VI, Occupational Health Requirements

Section 50, Musculoskeletal injury prevention

Section 51, MSI: risk control

Section 52, MSI: education and training

Section 53, MSI: evaluation

Section 54, MSI: consultation

Section 55, Seating or standing work

Section 56, Lifting and handling

Northwest Territories

As made under the Safety Act, R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. S-1,

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, R-039-2015

Part 6, General Health Requirements

Section 82, Lifting and handling loads

Section 83, Standing

Section 84, Sitting

Section 85, Musculoskeletal injuries

Section 86, Shift work and constant effort and exertion

Section 87, Visually demanding tasks

Section 88, Exposure control plan

As made under the Mine Health and Safety Act, S.N.W.T., 1994, c. 25

Mine Health and Safety Regulations, R-125-95

Part IX, Working Environment and Industrial Hygiene

Ergonomic Facilities

Sections 9.70 - 9.74

Section 9.75, Vibration Syndrome

Nova Scotia

As made under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, S.N.S. 1996, c. 7

Workplace Health and Safety Regulations, N.S. Reg. 52/2013

Part 2, Occupational Health

Section 2.1, Definitions for Part 2

Section 2.3, Threshold limit values

See also:

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)

Nunavut

As made under the Safety Act, R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. S-1,

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, R-003-2016

Part 6, General Health Requirements

Section 82, Lifting and handling loads

Section 83, Standing

Section 84, Sitting

Section 85, Musculoskeletal injuries

Section 86, Shift work and constant effort and exertion

Section 87, Visually demanding tasks

Section 88, Exposure control plan

As made under the Mine Health and Safety Act (Nunavut), S.N.W.T., 1994, c. 25

Mine Health and Safety Regulations, R-125-95)

Part IX, Working Environment and Industrial Hygiene

Ergonomic Facilities

Sections 9.70 - 9.74

Section 9.75, Vibration Syndrome

Ontario

As made under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. O.1,

Health Care and Residential Facilities, O. Reg. 67/93

Section 24 (Lighting)

Material Handling

Sections 103 - 110

Rest Breaks for Computer Operators, May 2005

(Guidelines Only)

Computer Ergonomics: Workstation Layout and Lighting, September 2004

Musculoskeletal Disorders / Ergonomics

Prince Edward Island

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Quebec

As amended by the Act Respecting Occupational Health and Safety, R.S.Q., c. S-2.1

Regulation respecting occupational health and safety, R.R.Q., c. S-2.1, r.19.01, O.C. 885-2001

Division XX, Special Ergonomic Measures

Saskatchewan

As made under the Saskatchewan Employment Act, S.S. 2013, c. S-15.1

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 1996, R.R.S. c. 0-1.1, r. 1

Section 78, Lifting and handling loads

Section 79, Standing

Section 80, Sitting

Section 81, Musculoskeletal injuries

Section 82, Shift work and constant effort and exertion

Section 83, Visually demanding tasks

Code of Practice for Video Display Terminals, July 2000

Yukon

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Standards

CSA Z412-00 (R2016) Guideline on Office Ergonomics

CSA Z412-17 Office ergonomics - An application standard for workplace ergonomics