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Climate Change Legislation

Last updated: November 2013

Prepared by CCOHS

Governments across Canada are establishing regulatory schemes to reduce the emission greenhouse gases and control climate change. Plans are varied and have a wide range of effects on industries and workplaces. Some are integrated into existing environmental and development legislation. Several jurisdictions have dedicated climate change legislation. This document connects you with the dedicated regulatory schemes in each jurisdiction, as well as government websites and action plans that address climate change. Please also review a jurisdiction's environmental legislation for additional information.

This list is prepared by CCOHS as part of the Canadian enviroOSH Legislation service. This service is a comprehensive and easy to search compilation of the full text of Canadian health, safety and environmental legislation and critical guidelines and codes of practice from all jurisdictions. All the legislation is compiled into one convenient location and is regularly updated with amendments highlighted.

Subscribers to this service and paid learners of the CCOHS e-courses have access to the full text of the legislation listed in this document. To become a subscriber please contact Client Services.


Kyoto Protocol Implementation Act, S.C. 2007, c. 30

As amended by the Canadian Environmental Act, 1999, S.C. 1999, c. 33

Notice with respect to reporting of greenhouse gases (GHGs) for 2008

See also:

A Climate Change Plan for the Purposes of the Kyoto Protocol Implementation Act - 2007


Monitoring, Accounting and Reporting on Greenhouse Gases


Climate Change and Emissions Reductions Act, S.A. 2003, c. C-16.7

Administrative Penalty Regulation, Alta. Reg. 140/2007

Specified Gas Emitters Regulation, Alta. Reg. 139/2007

Specified Gas Reporting Regulation, Alta. Reg. 251/2004

Specified Gas Reporting Standard, March 2006

See also:

Environment - Climate Change

Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems (CEMS) Code

British Columbia

Carbon Tax Act, S.B.C. 2008, c. 40

Carbon Tax Regulation, B.C. Reg. 125/2008

Greenhouse Gas Reduction (Cap and Trade) Act, S.B.C. 2008, c. 32

Greenhouse Gas Reduction (Renewable and Low Carbon Fuel Requirements) Act, S.B.C. 2008, c. 16

Renewable Fuel Requirements Regulation, B.C. Reg. 394/2008

Greenhouse Gas Reduction (Vehicle Emissions Standards) Act, S.B.C. 2008, c. 21

Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act, S.B.C. 2007, c. 42

Carbon Neutral Government Regulation, B.C. Reg. 392/2008

Emissions Offsets Regulation, B.C. Reg. 393/2008

See also:

Climate Action Secretariat

Carbon Tax


Climate Change and Emissions Reductions Act, C.C.S.M. c. C135

Coal-Fired Emergency Operations Regulation, Man. Reg. 186/2009

Green Building Regulation, Man. Reg. 38/2013

Greening of Government Vehicles Regulation, Man. Reg. 37/2013

Environment Act, C.C.S.M. c. E125

See also: Manitoba's Climate Change Portal

Conservation and Water Stewardship - Climate and Green Initiatives

New Brunswick

Department of the Environment -Climate Change Action Plan - 2007-2012

Northwest Territories

Department of Environment and Natural Resources - Climate Change

Nova Scotia

Environmental Goals and Sustainable Prosperity Act, S.N.S. 2007, c. 7

Environment Act, S.N.S. 1995, c. 1

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulations, N.S. Reg. 260/2009

See also:

Climate Change Nova Scotia


Department of Environment - Climate Change in Nunavut

Nunavut Climate Change Centre (NC3)


Bill 150, The Green Energy Act, 2009

Environmental Protection Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. E.19

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reporting, O. Reg. 452/09

Ontario Emissions Trading Code, March 2005

See also:

Ontario Climate Change Secretariat

Prince Edward Island

Environment, Energy and Forestry


Climate Change

Qu├ębec and Climate Change: A Challenge for the Future - Action Plan for the Future 2006 - 2012


Clean Air Act, S.S. 1986-87-88, c. C-12.1

Clean Air Regulations, R.S.S., c. C-12.1, r.1

See also:

Go Green Saskatchewan

Climate Change Saskatchewan


Environment - Yukon Government Initiative

Yukon Government Climate Change Action Plan