Provided by CCOHS/produit par le CCHST

Cannabis Health and Safety Legislation

Date: April 2019

Prepared by CCOHS

The links below provide an overview of legislation dealing with the regulation of cannabis and its use across the federal and provincial jurisdictions. The federal Cannabis Act came into force on October 17, 2018. Provinces and territories are responsible for regulating how cannabis is distributed and sold within their province or territory, including:

Who is permitted to sell cannabis online and in retail locations

Where sales locations are allowed

Specific requirements for cannabis sellers

Provinces and territories can also add additional restrictions, including:

Increasing the minimum age for consumption or purchase

Lowering allowable limits for possession of cannabis

How to legally transport cannabis

Restrictions where one can use cannabis

Additional requirements for any personal cultivation of cannabis plants

Workplaces are responsible for knowing what is legal in their province or territory as well as any affecting worksites in other jurisdictions and employees when working in another jurisdiction.

This list is prepared by CCOHS as part of the Canadian enviroOSH Legislation service . This service is a comprehensive and easy to search compilation of the full text of Canadian health, safety and environmental legislation and critical guidelines and codes of practice from all jurisdictions. All the legislation is compiled into one convenient location and is regularly updated with amendments highlighted.

Subscribers to this service and paid learners of the CCOHS e-courses have access to the full text of the legislation listed in this document. To become a subscriber please contact Client Services .

CCOHS Resources

Substance Use in the Workplace

White Paper - Workplace Strategies: Risk of Impairment from Cannabis


EDN54 General Overview of the Cannabis Excise Stamps


Federal Legislation

Cannabis Act (S.C. 2018, c. 16)

As made under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (S.C. 1999, c. 33),

New Substances Notification Regulations (Chemicals and Polymers) (SOR/2005-247)

Guidelines for the Notification and Testing of New Substances: Chemicals and Polymers (Version 2005)

Federal Resources

Cannabis impairment

Cannabis laws and regulations

Cannabis in the provinces and territories

Cannabis-related resources for First Nations, Inuit and Métis

Impairment and cannabis in the workplace

Health Canada

Information for Health Care Professionals: Cannabis (marihuana, marijuana) and the cannabinoids [Health Canada, 2013]

The Cannabis Act: Here’s what you need to know in other languages Plains Cree , Swampy Cree , Inuktitut and Ojibwe


Alberta Legislation

Gaming, Liquor and Cannabis Act (R.S.A. 2000, c. G-1)

Traffic Safety Act (R.S.A. 2000, c. T-6)

Section 39.2, Appeals re administrative licence suspensions

Section 39.21, Appeals re mandatory use of alcohol-sensing device re section 88.1 or 88.11

Section 39.3, Appeals re mandatory use of alcohol-sensing device while driving

Section 83, Disqualification for impaired driving

Section 88.1, Alcohol-related administrative licence suspension

Alberta Resources

Cannabis legalization in Alberta

Alberta Cannabis Framework and legislation

Cannabis in condos and rentals

Impaired driving law changes

Impairment in the workplace

Impairment in the workplace: OHS information for workers and employers

Sample workplace impairment prevention policy template

Calgary Resources

Public consumption of cannabis

Public consumption of medical cannabis

Edmonton Resources

Edmonton's Cannabis Rules

British Columbia

British Columbia Legislation

Cannabis Control and Licensing Act, S.B.C. 2018, c. 29

Occupational Health and Safety Regulation B.C. Reg. 296/97


Section 4.19, Physical or mental impairment

Section 4.20, Impairment by alcohol, drug or other substance

British Columbia Resources


Regulations ready B.C. for cannabis legalization

Workplace impairment: A primer on preparing for cannabis legalization


The BC Liquor Distribution Branch (LDB): Public

Vancouver Resources

Public consumption and cultivation


Manitoba Legislation

Highway Traffic Act, C.C.S.M. c. H60

Sections 213.1 - 213.2

Liquor and Gaming Control Act, C.C.S.M. c. L153

Non-Smokers Health Protection and Vapour Products Act, S.M. 1989-90, c. 41

Off-Road Vehicles Act, C.C.S.M. c. O31

Section 31.2, Transporting cannabis in or on off-road vehicles

Section 31.3, Consumption of cannabis in or on off-road vehicles

Manitoba Resources

Cannabis in Manitoba

Zoning for Cannabis: A Guide for Manitoba Municipalities

New Brunswick

New Brunswick Legislation

Cannabis Control Act, S.N.B. 2018, c. 2

General Regulation - Cannabis Control Act, N.B. Reg. 2018-89

New Brunswick Resources

Cannabis in New Brunswick

WorksafeNB: Cannabis and the workplace: Are you ready?

WorksafeNB: Medical Aid - Cannabis (Marijuana) for Medical Purposes (Policy 25-015)

Roxalie LeBeau-Hébert (Pink Larkin Lawyers): Legalization of Cannabis and the Impact on the Workplace

Saint John Resources


Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador Legislation

Cannabis Control Act, S.N.L. 2018 c. C-4.1

Cannabis Control Regulations, N.S. Reg. 93/18

Smoke-Free Environment Act, 2005 S.N.L. 2005, c. S-16.2

Smoke-free Environment Regulations, 2005 N.L.R. 54/05

Newfoundland and Labrador Resources

Cannabis in Newfoundland and Labrador Workplace NL: Cannabis Awareness

Northwest Territories

Northwest Territories Legislation

Cannabis Products Act, S.N.W.T. 2018, c. 6, Sch. A

Cannabis Products Regulations, R-136-2018

Cannabis Smoking Control Act, S.N.W.T. 2018, c. 6, Sch. B

Cannabis Smoking Control Regulations, R-133-2018

Safety Act, R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. S-1

Cannabis Code of Practice, Effective Oct. 31, 2018

Northwest Territories Resources

Canada: Cannabis Regulation In Canada's Territories

Cannabis Legalization in the Northwest Territories The Way Forward

Cannabis in the NWT

Impairment: Are you fit to work?

Northwest Territories & Nunavut Codes Of Practice: Cannabis

WSCC Safety Bulletins

Impairment at Work

Impairment: Cannabis at Work

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia Legislation

Cannabis Control Act, S.N.S. 2018, c. 3

Smoke-Free Places Act, S.N.S. 2002, c. 12

Smoke-free Places Regulations, N.S. Reg. 144/2002

Nova Scotia Resources

Be in the know about legal cannabis in Nova Scotia

Cannabis Impaired Driving

Cannabis impairment at work

Health Effects Of Cannabis

Nova Scotia's cannabis laws

Marijuana in the Workplace

Responsible use of cannabis

HOWATT: A checklist for cannabis and being fit for work

Halifax Resources

Cannabis and smoking in Halifax


Nunavut Legislation

Cannabis Act, S. Nu. 2018, c. 7

Cannabis Regulations, R-029-2018

Safety Act, R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. S-1

Cannabis Code of Practice Effective October 31, 2018

Nunavut Resources


WSCC Safety Bulletins

Impairment at Work

Impairment: Cannabis at Work

Canada: Cannabis Regulation In Canada's Territories

Iqaluit Resources

Cannabis Legalization Questions And Answers


Ontario Legislation

Cannabis Act, 2017, S.O. 2017, c. 26, Sched. 1

Highway Traffic Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8

Ontario Resources

Cannabis legalization

Cannabis in the Workplace

Impairment and Workplace Health and Safety

Policy statement on cannabis and the Human Rights Code

Questions and answers on cannabis and the Human Rights Code

Toronto Resources

Backgrounder: Consumption, Sale & Enforcement Related to Cannabis in Toronto

Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island Legislation

Cannabis Control Act, S.P.E.I. 2018, c. 2

Cannabis Control Regulations, EC2018-575

Prince Edward Island Resources


Cannabis and Driving

Cannabis and Your Workplace

Cannabis General Information - FAQ

Cannabis Legalization

Cannabis Policy and Legislation

Cannabis Policy, Legislation and Regulation

Just the Facts

Using Cannabis in PEI


Quebec Legislation

Cannabis Regulation Act, CQLR c. C-5.3

Highway Safety Code, CQLR c. C-24.2

Act Respecting Off-Highway Vehicles, CQLR c. V-1.2

Section 24

Quebec Resources

Regulation of cannabis in Quebec

The legislation on cannabis

Forum of Experts on Regulation of Cannabis in Québec

Professionnels et intervenants

Montreal Resources

Regulation of cannabis


Saskatchewan Legislation

Cannabis Control (Saskatchewan) Act S.S. 2018, c. C-2.111

Cannabis Control (Saskatchewan) Regulations, c. C-2.111 Reg 1

Saskatchewan Resources

Cannabis and Driving

Cannabis and the Workplace

Cannabis and Your Health

Cannabis does not belong at work

Saskatchewan’s Cannabis Framework: Framework and Survey Results

Cannabis in Saskatchewan

Consultation on Impairment in the Workplace


Yukon Legislation

Cannabis Control and Regulation Act, S.Y. 2018, c. 4

Cannabis Control and Regulation General Regulation, O.I.C. 2018/184

Yukon Resources

Recreational Cannabis Legalization Guidance

Non-medical cannabis

Canada: Cannabis Regulation In Canada's Territories

Drug Impaired Driving

Yukon’s Approach to Cannabis Legalization: What We Heard